Doctor's Search

Category: Other Medical Articles

August 5, 2015

Menopause is a normal change in a woman’s life when her period stops. A woman has reached menopause when she has not had a period for 12 months in a row. During menopause a woman’s body slowly makes less of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. This often happens between the ages of 45 and 55 years old. Some women may experience menopause at younger ages because of medical treatments such as surgery to remove the ovaries (sometimes done at the same time as a hysterectomy), family history (genes), or cancer treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation to the pelvic area. As women near menopause, they may have symptoms from the changes their body is making. Some women may not have any other symptoms at all. Symptoms that some women experience near menopause include hot flashes (getting warm in the face, neck, or chest), night sweats or sleeping problems that lead to feeling tired, stressed or tense, vaginal changes (the vagina may become dry and thin and sex may be painful) and thinning of bones, which may lead to loss of height and bone breaks. If a woman would like to treat her symptoms, she should talk to her health care provider at Belize Medical Associates to discuss treatment options.

August 5, 2015

Lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung.

The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped breathing organs inside the chest. The lungs bring oxygen into the body when breathing in and send carbon dioxide out of the body when breathing out. Each lung has sections called lobes. The left lung has two lobes. The right lung, which is slightly larger, has three. A thin membrane called the pleura surrounds the lungs. Two tubes called bronchi lead from the trachea (windpipe) to the right and left lungs. The bronchi are sometimes involved in lung cancer. Small tubes called bronchioles and tiny air sacs called alveoli make up the inside of the lungs. There are two types of lung cancer: small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Risk factors for lung cancer include the following: * Smoking cigarettes, cigars, or pipes now or in the past. * Being exposed to second-hand smoke. * Being exposed to asbestos or radon. One test that is commonly used to screen for lung cancer is: Chest x-ray A chest x-ray is an x-ray of the organs and bones inside the chest. An x-ray is a type of energy beam that can go through the body and onto film, making a picture of areas inside the body. Other tests are being studied in clinical trials such as the: Sputum cytology Sputum cytology is a procedure in w

December 23, 2014

Types of Knee Injuries

If you suffer from any of these types of knee injuries, then come to Belize Medical Associates and see an orthopedic surgeon, a doctor who is specially trained in the care of bone and joint diseases. Orthopedists take care of many kinds of knee injuries, especially those involving sports and different types of accidents.

December 23, 2014

December 23, 2014

Nearly 40% of deaths in America can be attributed to smoking, physical inactivity, poor diet, or alcohol misuse-behaviors practiced by many people every day for much of their lives. Adopting healthy behaviors such as eating nutritious foods, being physically active, and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or control the devastating effects of many of the nation’s leading causes of death regardless of one’s age.
Regular physical activity greatly reduces a person’s risk from dying of heart disease, and decreases the risk for colon cancer, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Physical activity also helps to control weight; contributes to healthy bones, muscles, and joints; helps to relieve the pain of arthritis; reduces symptoms of anxiety and depression; and can decrease the need for hospitalizations, physician visits, and medications.
Finally, physical activity does not need to be strenuous to be beneficial; people of all ages benefit from moderate physical activity. However, people tend to be less active as they age. By age 75, about one in three men and one in two women do not engage in any physical activity.1 Organizations and agencies who are looking for assistance in planning strategies to help older adults increase their physical activity can use The National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity In the United States, one of every three persons aged 65 years and o

December 23, 2014
December 23, 2014
  • Wash hands thoroughly – before preparing food, after going to the toilet or after handling pets.
  • Keep your kitchen clean – wash worktops and utensils between handling food that is to be cooked and food that is not.
  • Keep pets away from food – and dishes and worktops.
  • Cook food well – follow instructions on the pack. If you reheat make sure it is piping hot.
  • Keep hot foods hot and cold foods cold – don’t just leave them standing around.
  • Check best-before dates – use food within the recommended period.
  • Do not eat food containing uncooked eggs – keep eggs in the fridge.
  • Keep the coldest part of your fridge at 0-5°C – get a fridge thermometer.
  • Prepare and store raw and cooked food separately – keep raw meat and fish at the bottom of your fridge.
  • Take chilled and frozen food home quickly – then put it in your fridge or freezer at once.
December 23, 2014

What is it? Folic acid is a B vitamin. It is used in our bodies to make new cells. If a woman has enough folic acid in her body before she is pregnant, it can help prevent major birth defects of her baby’s brain and spine. These birth defects are called neural tube defects or NTDs. Women need to take folic acid every day starting before they are pregnant to help prevent NTDs. How much is enough? Look for 100% One easy way a woman can be sure she is getting enough folic acid is to take a vitamin that has folic acid in it every day. Folic acid pills and most multivitamins sold have 100% of the daily value (DV) of folic acid; check the label to be sure. Another way to get enough is to eat a serving of breakfast cereal every day that has been enriched with 100% of the daily value of folic acid. Not every cereal has this amount. Check the label on the side of the box, and look for one that has “100%” next to folic acid. When to start? Today! Every day! These birth defects happen in the first few weeks, often before a woman finds out that she is pregnant. All women should practice this habit of taking folic acid daily even when they are not planning to get pregnant. For folic acid to help, it needs to be taken every day starting before a woman becomes pregnant.

December 23, 2014

Tips for Preventing the Flu

  1. The single best way to prevent the flu is to get vaccinated. You can get your flu vaccine today at Belize Medical Associates Pharmacy providing you have a prescription from your doctor or have your doctor contact Belize Medical Associates Pharmacy
  2. Practice Good Health Habits such as:
  • Avoid close contact. Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.
  • Stay home when you are sick. If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick. You will help prevent others from catching your illness.
  • Cover your mouth and nose. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick.
  • Clean your hands. Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.
December 23, 2014

Safety Tips in the event of an Emergency

Emergencies happen when we least expect them, and they require fast thinking and action. But different emergencies call for different approaches. Here are some things to know so you’ll be prepared.

  • Keep a first-aid kit in the house and know how to use it.
  • Make sure there’s a list of emergency numbers near each telephone in the house. Have numbers for the police department, the fire department, and Belize Medical Associates handy. If you have a cell phone, it’s a good idea to program important numbers into your phone.
  • Keep on hand numbers for adults you should call. If you’re babysitting, make sure you have the number and location where the child’s parents will be and, if possible, a cell phone or pager number. If it’s a true emergency – a child you’re caring for has stopped breathing, for example – always call 911 first and then call the parent.
  • If you’re looking after someone with a health condition, know when the person needs to take any medications – particularly medicines for breathing or heart problems.
  • Make sure your family or the famil