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Category: Other Medical Articles

August 5, 2015

Prostate cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the prostate. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system located just below the bladder (the organ that collects and empties urine) and in front of the rectum (the lower part of the intestine). It is about the size of a walnut and surrounds part of the urethra (the tube that empties urine from the bladder). The prostate gland produces fluid that makes up part of the semen. Prostate cancer is found mainly in older men. As men age, the prostate may get bigger and block the urethra or bladder. This may cause difficulty in urination or can interfere with sexual function. The condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and although it is not cancer, surgery may be needed to correct it. The symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia or of other problems in the prostate may be similar to symptoms for prostate cancer. Possible signs of prostate cancer include a weak flow of urine or frequent urination. These and other symptoms may be caused by prostate cancer. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. Your doctor at Belize Medical Associates should be consulted if any of the following problems occur: * Weak or interrupted flow of urine. * Frequent urination (especially at night). * Difficulty urinating. * Pain or burning during urination. *

August 5, 2015

Infection Prevention: It’s in Your Hands Healthcare facilities worldwide are encouraged to conduct special educational activities to emphasize adherence to practices such as hand hygiene that have been shown to prevent infections and improve patient safety. Choose the correct hand hygiene tools Alcohol handrubs are an effective strategy for improving hand hygiene practices by healthcare workers, reducing healthcare-associated infections, and improving overall patient safety. Promote hand hygiene in your facility Get the facts and become familiar with materials to promote hand hygiene in your healthcare facility. Monitor hand hygiene in your facility Hand hygiene is an important component of an overall strategy to prevent transmission of healthcare-associated infection. Monitor adherence of recommended hand hygiene practices in your facility and provide feedback to staff on their performance. Prevent infection during the flu season by getting vaccinated Influenza causes an average of approximately 36,000 deaths per year. All healthcare workers should be vaccinated against influenza annually. Belize distance calculator . This will protect healthcare workers, their pati

August 5, 2015

Getting the news that you are pregnant can be thrilling, shocking or both. The Pregnancy Timeline was developed as a week by week guide to pregnancy which takes in how the baby develops and changes to the mother’s body.  

August 5, 2015

How can physical activity become a way of life? If you aren’t in the habit of being physically active, you’re probably being told you should start. That’s because regular physical activity reduces your risk of heart disease and stroke. It also helps you reduce or control other risk factors – high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, excess body weight and diabetes. But the benefits don’t stop there. You may look and feel better, become stronger and more flexible, have more energy, and reduce stress and tension. The time to start is now! How do I start? • Talk to your doctor at Belize Medical Associates about a physical activity plan that’s right for you if: – you’ve been inactive a long time or have medical problems – you’re middle-aged or older, and – you’re planning a relatively vigorous exercise program. • Choose activities you enjoy. Pick a starting date that fits your schedule and gives you enough time to begin your program, like a Saturday. • Wear comfortable clothes and shoes. • Start slowly – don’t overdo it! • Try to exercise at the same time so it becomes a regular part of your lifestyle – For example, you might exercise every day (during your lunch hour) from 12:00 to 12:30. • Drink lots of water before, during and after each exercise session. • Ask a friend to start a program with you – use the buddy system! • Not

August 5, 2015

Ovarian cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the ovaries.

The ovaries are a pair of organs in the female reproductive system. They are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus (the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a fetus grows). Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs and female hormones (chemicals that control the way certain cells or organs function). Risk factors for ovarian cancer include the following: * Being older * Having a family history of ovarian cancer * Having increased levels of CA 125 * Obesity Certain factors may decrease a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer. Women who have taken oral contraceptives (“the pill”), given birth, breast-fed, or had a tubal ligation or hysterectomy have a lower than average risk of developing ovarian cancer. Tests that are used to detect (find) and diagnose ovarian cancer are: These tests can all be done at Belize Medical Associates, 5791 St. Thomas Street, Belize City, Belize C.A. Tel#: 223-0302/03/04.

August 5, 2015

Osteoporosis causes a decrease in bone mass, often referred to as thinning of bone. When this occurs, the patient with osteoporosis will have weaker bones and have a higher risk of bone fractures typically in the wrist, hip, and spine. While men and women of all ages and ethnicities can develop osteoporosis, some of the risk factors for osteoporosis include those who are: * Female * On steroid treatment * Post menopausal women * Older adults * Small in body size * Eating a diet low in calcium * Cigarette Smoking * Physically inactive * Excessive alcohol intake Come and get your Bone Density Test to detect osteoporosis today!!

August 5, 2015

Stopping Nosebleeds Try these simple tips to stop your nosebleed: * Get some tissues or a damp cloth to catch the blood. * Sit or stand so your head is above your heart. * Tilt your head forward and pinch your nostrils together just below the bony center part of your nose. Applying pressure helps stop the blood flow and the nosebleed will usually stop with 10 full minutes of steady pressure – don’t keep checking to see if the bleeding has stopped. * Apply a cold compress, such as ice wrapped in a cloth or paper towel, to the area around the nose. Applying pressure with a cotton pad inside the upper lip may also help. If you get a nosebleed, don’t blow your nose. Doing so can cause additional nosebleeds. Also, don’t tilt your head back. This common practice will cause blood to run into your throat. If you swallow the blood, you might throw up. Preventing Nosebleeds Whenever you blow your nose (especially when you have a cold), you should blow gently into a soft tissue. Don’t blow forcefully or pick your nose. Your doctor at Belize Medical Associates may recommend a humidifier, which is available at Belize Medical Associates Pharmacy to moisten your indoor air. You can also prevent your nasal passages from becoming too dry in cold months by using lubricants such as petroleum jelly (like Vaseline) before going to bed at night. Apply a pea-sized da

August 5, 2015

What makes a headache a Migraine? Almost everyone gets headaches. You might feel throbbing in the front of your head during a cold or bout with the flu, for example. Or you might feel pain in your temples or at the back of your head from a tension headache after a busy day. Most regular headaches produce a dull pain around the front, top, and sides of your head, almost like someone stretched a rubber band around it. A migraine is different. Doctors define it as a recurrent headache that has additional symptoms. The pain is often throbbing and on one or both sides of the head. People with migraines often feel dizzy or sick to their stomachs. They may be sensitive to light, noise, or smells. Migraine can occur any time of the day, though it often starts in the morning. The pain can last a few hours or up to one or two days. Some common migraine triggers are: * stress * menstruation * skipping meals * too much caffeine * certain foods (alcohol, cheese, pizza, chocolate, ice cream, fatty or fried food, lunch meats, hot dogs, yogurt, or anything with MSG, a seasoning used in Asian foods) * sudden changes in sleep patterns * changes in hormone levels * smoking * weather changes * travel When should I seek help for my headaches? Nearly half of the people who have migraine do not get diagnosed and treated. Belize Medical Associates sug

August 5, 2015

Mental Health, what’s that? Mental Health is not simply the absence of mental illness or disorder. It describes: ‘The capacity of individuals within groups and the environment to interact with one another in ways that promote subjective well-being, optimal development and use of mental abilities (cognitive, affective and relational) and achievement of individual and collective goals consistent with justice.’ It can include: * self-esteem * self confidence * feeling in control of your life * feeling a sense of belonging in your family or local community It can be reflected in the use of various skills: * communication * assertiveness * problem solving * decision-making What is mental illness? The term mental illness means the same as mental disorder. A Mental disorder is a diagnosable illness that significantly interferes with an individual’s cognitive, emotional or social abilities. Mental disorders are of different types and degrees of severity and some of the major mental disorders perceived to be public health issues are depression, anxiety, substance use disorders, psychosis and dementia. A Mental health problem also interferes with a person’s cognitive, emotional or social abilities, but to a lesser extent than a mental disorder. Mental health problems are more common mental complaints and include